Apes, Monkeys, Children, and the Growth of Mind (The by Juan Carlos Gómez

By Juan Carlos Gómez

What can the examine of younger monkeys and apes let us know in regards to the minds of younger people? during this attention-grabbing advent to the examine of primate minds, Juan Carlos Gomez identifies evolutionary resemblances--and differences--between human childrens and different primates. He argues that primate minds are top understood no longer as mounted collections of specialised cognitive capacities, yet extra dynamically, as more than a few skills that could surpass their unique diversifications. In a full of life assessment of a exotic physique of cognitive developmental study between nonhuman primates, Gomez appears at wisdom of the actual global, causal reasoning (including the chimpanzee-like error that human kids make), and the contentious matters of ape language, conception of brain, and imitation. makes an attempt to coach language to chimpanzees, in addition to stories of the standard of a few primate vocal verbal exchange within the wild, make a robust case that primates have a common capability for rather refined verbal exchange, and massive energy to profit whilst people train them. Gomez concludes that for all cognitive psychology's curiosity in conception, information-processing, and reasoning, a few crucial features of psychological lifestyles are in line with principles that can not be explicitly articulated. Nonhuman and human primates alike depend on implicit wisdom. learning nonhuman primates is helping us to appreciate this confusing element of all primate minds. (20080301)

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Extra info for Apes, Monkeys, Children, and the Growth of Mind (The Developing Child)

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The chimpanzee, however, chose the single-rod option in almost 100 percent of the trials. She was assuming that the central screen partially occluded a single object, exactly as human babies do from around 4 months of age. It is as if the perceptual systems of the chimp and the child are geared toward assuming a single object when there is movement coherence between visible parts. Indeed, the chimpanzee chose the two-rods option when the stimulus showed only one end of the rod moving while the other end stayed stationary, or if both ends moved in opposite directions.

It is not that they cannot perceive the featural differences between both objects (as we saw in the previous section, babies can discriminate among different objects from very early on), and they have no problem anticipating two different objects when two different screens are used (even as early as at 4 to 5 months of age). Babies have no perception or memory problems, but a representational limitation—one that prevents them from integrating what they have seen into a coherent, adult-like picture of what is going on.

For example, in a display of big squares made of small squares there was one big square made of small circles (local processing required), or there was one big circle made of small squares (global processing required). Again the humans showed a global advantage. They found the odd stimulus much faster when it was a global figure than when it was the small component shapes. And again the baboons showed the opposite pattern: they were faster with the local shapes. By the way, it is not that they were better than humans in dealing with the local shapes.

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