An Evaluation of the Role of Microbiological Criteria for by Subcommittee on Microbiological Criteria;Committee on Food

By Subcommittee on Microbiological Criteria;Committee on Food Protection;Institute of Medicine;National Research Council

The security and caliber of the U.S. nutrition offer rely on a complete software of cautious microbiological keep watch over. Microbiological standards, which determine applicable degrees of microorganisms in meals and nutrition materials, are an important a part of this type of application. Says ASM information, "This booklet offers not just an educated and aim assessment of microbiological standards for a large choice of meals and particular pathogens and the committee's ideas concerning these standards, however it additionally presents an outstanding reference publication at the utilized microbiological facets of meals caliber assurance".

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RECOMMENDATIONS 19 2. Laboratories capable of analyzing foods for viruses should be encouraged to examine suspect foods for them during the course of epidemiological investigations of suspected viral foodborne outbreaks. Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) A microbiological standard for PSP is applied regularly to samples of shellfish from growing waters and in accordance with the National Shellfish Sanitation Program. Routine application of the standard to shellfish at wholesale and retail markets would not be an effective control measure and should not be used for this purpose.

Routine testing of domestically produced cheese by regulatory agencies is not recommended; however, industry testing programs should be monitored by these agencies. FDA should routinely test all susceptible cheese varieties offered at import for presence of thermonuclease. Positive lots should be rejected. FDA should undertake jointly with the French government and industry a comprehensive study of the problems of pathogenic E. coli in imported soft cheese with the objective of further reducing the hazard of pathogenic E.

It is recommended that this "random approach" to sampling be reviewed in terms of its consistency with the principles of statistical quality control. Fish, Molluscs, and Crustaceans 1. Microbiological standards (National Shellfish Sanitation Program) for shellfish growing waters and for raw shellfish should be updated as new information becomes available on more effective test procedures to monitor contamination of growing waters and shellfish. This is particularly true with respect to the presence of viruses in waters and shellfish that can cause human illness.

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