A President, a Church, and Trails West: Competing Histories by Jon E. Taylor

By Jon E. Taylor

Over the last century, 3 nationally major histories have vied for house and position in Independence, Missouri. Independence used to be declared Zion by way of Joseph Smith, served as a meeting and provisioning element for trails west, and used to be known as domestic through President Truman for sixty-four years. Taylor has built-in examine from newspapers, public files, oral histories, and personal papers to element how the group has preserved those quite a few legacies. He locations the function of upkeep in Independence not just in the better context of maintenance within the usa but in addition in the context of yank environmental historical past.

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Extra info for A President, a Church, and Trails West: Competing Histories in Independence, Missouri

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The written revelation stated: “This land which is the land of Missouri, . . ” In 1832 a special census recorded 5,071 persons living in the county, with approximately 800 Mormon settlers. By 1833 the number of saints who had gathered to Independence stood at 1,200, and they established a storehouse and a press, both of which catered only to Mormon settlers. The presence of the Saints created more fear and tension among the non-Mormon settlers. Richard Howard described the Mormon newspaper: “The message and style of [the] paper emphasized, however, the differences between the church members and the original settlers.

Joseph Smith and his brother lost their lives. Their deaths left a power vacuum among church leaders and followers. , eventually came to lead a majority of the other followers. While in Nauvoo, Young and his followers initiated the religious ceremony of baptizing the dead in the temple, along with other rituals that members of what came to be Joseph Smith III’s faction did not agree with. 8 Brigham Young and his group left Nauvoo in 1846 and eventually settled in Salt Lake City. Several other dissenting factions did not follow Young to Utah.

Two saints were tarred and feathered on the public square. The owner of the Mormon storehouse agreed to close his business. The Mormons retained legal counsel, but their efforts were in vain, and on 31 October 1833, a group of forty or fifty armed men raided a Mormon settlement on the Big Blue, destroyed ten houses, and whipped the male heads of households. A few days later, in Independence, Mormon homes were stoned and their doors split open by mob action. Independence residents ransacked the closed storehouse on the Independence Square and threw the goods into the street.

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