A Measure of Wealth: The English Land Tax in Historical by Donald E. Ginter

By Donald E. Ginter

Ginter specializes in the years 1780 to 1832, a interval for which many land tax documents live to tell the tale and accurately whilst glossy sorts of political association started to emerge and whilst industrialization and enclosure are inspiration to have altered the cloth of society and the financial system. via an exam of greater than 5,000 parishes in fifteen old counties -- nearly one-third of britain -- he indicates that inequalities within the burden of nationwide taxation have been some distance more than an individual has predicted. Having researched either neighborhood and nationwide taxation tactics, he unearths that, at the eve of the nineteenth-century "Revolution in Government," the tenantry and yeomanry have been administratively way more self reliant of parliamentary statute and in their neighborhood gentry and magistracy than has formerly been advised. Drawing on proof from the 3 ridings of Yorkshire, he discloses different difficulties linked to the land tax duplicates. whereas Ginter argues that the land tax duplicates are absolutely insufficient for the research of the fortunes of the small yeoman and that the literature in this topic needs to be essentially reconsidered, he unearths a style that may reliably take advantage of the land tax duplicates as a systemic documentation. He contends that the whole capability for stories dependent centrally at the land tax has scarcely started to be explored.

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Nor is it clear from this research that quotas were altered on such a basis in other counties. Salaries were still being widely taxed in Lincolnshire as late as 1830. But it is clear that quotas at the township level were not in practice unalterable, even after 1798. At least they were not unalterable in those townships which had included a tax on salaries in their returns for that year. It is fortunate that, with the possible exception of stock-in-trade, only salaries seem to have provided a basis for such alterations in the nineteenth century.

The tax was abolished in 1963. This generalization is substantially correct, and most studies, including this one, correctly refer to the parish and township quotas as ossified. But strictly speaking this generalization is not correct. During the first decade or so of the administration of the land tax following the statute of 1698, the amounts imposed by the land tax commissioners on many townships varied sharply. Only towards the end of the reign of Queen Anne did parish and township quotas begin to conform more uniformly to those employed throughout the subsequent history of the tax and imposed by statute in 1798.

More informally ascribed ranks, such as esquire or gentleman, can also be useful, but within more circumscribed geographical areas, and their employment for linkages must be supported by a substantial knowledge of major landholdings in the region. " almost certainly pertain to a single individual, Charles Duncombe of Duncombe Park. But what if the name "Charles Duncombe" is entered without the rank? A reference to duplicates for other years would normally clarify such a problem, especially for large properties; and, in any case, the linkage is more certain when the property in question is a large one within the region of a largeholder of that name.

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