A History of Education in Kentucky (Topics in Kentucky by William E. Ellis

By William E. Ellis

Kentucky is nationally well known for horses, bourbon, wealthy typical assets, and regrettably, hindered by means of a poor academic approach. although its attractiveness isn't continually justified, in nationwide scores for grades K-12 and better schooling, Kentucky continually ranks one of the lowest states in schooling investment, literacy, and scholar achievement.

In A History of schooling in Kentucky, William E. Ellis illuminates the successes and screw ups of private and non-private schooling within the commonwealth due to the fact its payment. Ellis demonstrates how political leaders within the 19th century created a tradition that devalued public schooling and refused to safely fund it. He additionally analyzes efforts by means of academics and coverage makers to enact very important reforms and identify sufficient, equivalent schooling, and discusses ongoing battles with regards to non secular guide, integration, and the Kentucky schooling Reform Act (KERA).

A historical past of schooling in Kentucky is the one up to date, single-volume background of schooling within the commonwealth. providing greater than mere coverage research, this finished paintings tells the tale of passionate scholars, academics, and leaders who've labored for growth from the 1770s to the current day. regardless of the present pessimism approximately schooling in Kentucky, Ellis recognizes symptoms of a colourful academic surroundings within the nation. by way of advocating a greater knowing of the earlier, Ellis seems to the long run and demanding situations Kentuckians to prevent old mess ups and construct on their successes.

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Charles Slaughter Morehead, who joined the American, or “Know-Nothing,” Party after the death of the Whig Party in the early 1850s, won the governorship in 1855 and served until 1859. A “rowdy element” within the nativist movement in Louisville touched off “Bloody Monday” not long after his election. Morehead fully supported the normal school measure. An act of the General Assembly on March 10, 1856, passed by a narrow margin, made Transylvania the state’s first state school of higher education and its first normal school.

77 After being elected state superintendent and seeing the realization of decades of efforts to create a true common school system, Breckinridge remained just as combative during his remaining tenure as during his first years. And he lost some battles during his second term. In 1851 the legislature passed a law giving the state board the power to recommend textbooks for a course of study but leaving the final say up the local school trustees. It was a long-sought “reform,” going back at least to 1840 and Superintendent H.

48 All was not lost with the failure of the Woods-Peers suggestions to immediately win over the legislature. Although Governor Slaughter put internal transportation concerns first, he did not forget about the needs of education. The 1830 legislature authorized county courts to establish school districts and levy taxes, but because the system was voluntary, it met with little initial success. Peers continued to publicize the need for “universal education,” although he meant education only for boys through the fourth grade.

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